Our Baby Nurse Laura, goes over some different skin conditions in babies and when to seek medical advice. Check out below!
Rashes with NO Fever or Itching
Babies can suffer from multiple skin conditions during their first few years of life. These may include rashes with no fever or itching such as Milia, Erythema Toxicum, Baby Acne, Nappy Rash and Keratosis Pilaris.
Milia (Blocked Oil Glands)
Milia is very common in newborn babies. They develop little white spots on their face, especially on the nose. Milia is a type of cyst which contains dead skin cells. Milia is usually caused when flakes of dead skin cells are trapped just below the skins surface. They usually clear up after a few weeks and no treatment is necessary. Do not try and squeeze the spots. Milia are hard to prevent but it can help to gently wipe your baby’s face every day.
Newborns may develop a blotchy red skin reaction called Erythema Toxicum. It may appear between 2 days to 2 weeks after birth. The rash appears as flat, red patches or small bumps. This rash is harmless and will usually disappear after a few days.
Baby acne, which looks similar to adult or teen acne occurs in about 30% of newborns. Baby Acne appears on the face and nose. These pimples normally clear up on their own and no treatment is necessary
Nappy rash appears in the nappy area and can be very red, inflamed and sore. It is caused by a number of things. To avoid the rash, keep the area clean and dry with frequent nappy changes and nappy-free time. A barrier cream will help protect the skin. If the rash persists it can be treated with a medicated cream. it may also be fungal and a specific cream will be required. Ask your GP or one of our friendly pharmacists for advice.
Can also be known as chicken skin. This is a harmless condition where the skin becomes rough and bumpy and looks like 'goose pimples'. They usually appear on the upper arm and thighs. This is caused due to abnormal keratinisation of the lining of the upper portion of the hair follicle. Scales fill the follicle instead of exfoliating. It may take different treatments to clear up.
Treatments include using non soap cleansers as soap may exacerbate the dryness on your bubs skin. It is also important to moisturise regularly. Further treatments may be available from your doctor.
Rashes that might be itchy
Eczema causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. It is quite common and at times may require elimination to try clear it up. It is usually treated with steroid creams to help reduce inflammation and very frequent moisturising to stop the skin from drying out. Probiotics are also shown to reduce severity. It is non infectious but can become infected. It often starts in babies between 2-6 months of age.
Ringworm is a contagious, milk skin infection that looks like a circular rash with a clear centre. Common areas are the baby's scalp, feet and groin. It is caused by a fungus and can be easily treated by over the counter anti-fungal cream.
Heat rash is common in a humid, hot environment. The rash looks like tiny red bumps on the skin. Keeping baby cool is the best treatment.
Hives are a raised, red itchy rash that can appear all over the body. It usually disappears within a few days but may require an antihistamine from the pharmacy. it may also be a sign of an allergic reaction and will require a consultation from your doctor.
Molloscum Contagiosum is a viral skin infection. It appears as spots that look like pimples and grow into round pearly white lumps. They can be itchy and usually heal with no treatment. It may take up to 6 months to heal.
Rashes with a fever
Slapped Cheek Disease
Also known as fifth disease. Slapped cheek is a viral infection that is common in preschool children. It typically appears as a bright red rash on both cheeks and then can spread to the body. It may cause a fever. It is usually milk and clears up in a few days but is highly contagious. For most people, slapped cheek disease is no worse than the common cold, with up to 60% of people having the syndrome by the age of 30. This infection is spread by close contact with an infectious person. The virus can affect pregnant women, be aware if you are pregnant or are in contact with other pregnant women.
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
Hand, foot and mouth is a highly contagious viral illness. A fever usually develops and blisters appear on their hands and feet. They also develop blisters in the mouth, which can be quite painful. Pain relief is quite often required.
Roseola is a contagious viral infection. It appears as cold-like symptoms and a high fever. A rash appears as raised pink spots. The fever can last for a few days.
When to seek help
Many babies develop a skin rash in their first days or weeks of life. This is common due to their skin being so sensitive. Most rashes are harmless and will go away on their own. If you're concerned, seek medical advice. If they present with a high fever and appear unwell definitely seek medical help. If you think they are contagious, keep them home. Do not send them to preschool, playgroup or school. Keep away from pregnant women at all times as some childhood infections can cause serious harm to unborn babies.
Laura our Baby Nurse is instore at North Kellyville from 10am -1pm every Wednesday and at Colebee from 10am-1pm every Tuesday.
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